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Why are there No Horses in Africa?

Africa is known as the world’s second-largest and second most populous continent. It is home to a variety of wildlife, including elephants, lions, giraffes, and many other species. But there is one animal that is noticeably absent from the African continent: the horse. The reason why there are no horses in Africa is largely due to the continent’s geography and history.

Geographical Barriers

The geography of Africa is one of the main reasons why horses are not found in the continent. The Sahara Desert stretches across the northern part of Africa and is one of the largest deserts in the world. It is almost impossible for horses to survive in a desert climate, as they would not have access to food or water. In addition, the jungle and forest regions of Africa are also too dense and humid for horses to survive, as they would not be able to access food or water in these environments either.

Historical Reasons

Another reason why there are no horses in Africa is due to the continent’s history. Horses have been domesticated for centuries and were used for transportation and warfare by many civilizations, including the Romans and the Egyptians. However, when the Europeans arrived in Africa in the 19th century, they brought with them a different type of horse called the Arabian horse. This breed was much more suited to the hot climate of the continent and was used by the Europeans for transportation and warfare. The native African horses, however, were not suited to the hot climate and could not compete with the Arabian horses, leading to their eventual extinction.

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Lack of Breeding Programs

In addition to the geographical and historical reasons, there is also the fact that there are no horse breeding programs in Africa. Due to the lack of resources and infrastructure in the continent, it is not possible to have a large-scale breeding program for horses. This means that any horses that may be brought into the continent would have to be imported from other countries, making them more expensive and difficult to obtain.


Although the reasons why there are no horses in Africa are mainly due to geographical and historical factors, the lack of breeding programs in the continent is also a contributing factor. This means that any horses that may be brought into the continent would be expensive and difficult to obtain, making it difficult for them to become established in the wild. However, with the right resources and infrastructure, it is possible for horses to be reintroduced into the continent and become an established part of the African ecosystem.